In the search for agonists for the elusive A(2B) adenosine receptor subtypes, 2-phenylhydroxypropynyl-5'-N-methylcarboxamido adenosine (PHPMECA, 14), 2-phenylhydroxypropynyl-5'-N-propylcarboxamido adenosine (PHPPECA, 15), and N-6-ethyl-2-phenylhydroxypropynyl-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (19) were synthesized on the basis that introduction of alkynyl chains in 2-position of adenosine derivatives resulted in reasonably good A2B potency compared to NECA [see N-6- ethyl-2-phenylhydroxypropynyl adenosine (5) EC50 = 1,700 nM and 2-phenylhydroxypropynyl-5'-N-ethylcarboxamido adenosine (PHPNECA, 8) EC50 = 1,100 nM, respectively]. Radioligand binding studies and adenylyl cyclase assays, performed with recently cloned human A(1), A(2A), A(2B), and A(3) adenosine receptors, showed that these modifications produced a decrease in potency at A(2B) receptor, as well as a general reduction in affinity at the other receptor subtypes. On the other hand, the contemporary presence of an ethyl substituent in N-6-position and of a 4'-ethylcarboxamido group in the same compounds led to (R,S)-N-6-ethyl -2-phenylhydroxypropynyl-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine and (S)-N-6-ethyl-2-phenylhydroxypropynyl-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine, which did not show the expected increase in potency at A(2B) subtype. Hence, (S)-2-phenylhydroxypropynyl-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine [(S)-PHPNECA] with EC50 A(2B) = 220 nM remains the most potent agonist at A(2B) receptor reported so far.
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|Titolo:||A(2B) adenosine receptor agonists: synthesis and biological evaluation of 2-phenylhydroxypropynyladenosine and NECA derivatives|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|