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|Titolo:||The antinociceptive effect of 2-chloro-2 '-C-methyl-N-6-cyclopentyladenosine (2 '-Me-CCPA), a highly selective adenosine A(1) receptor agonist, in the rat|
|Autori interni:||CAPPELLACCI, Loredana|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Abstract:||This study was undertaken in order to investigate the effect of 2-chloro-2'-C-methyl-N-6-cyclopentyladenosine (2'-Me-CCPA), a potent and highly selective adenosine A, receptor agonist, on nociceptive responses and on the ongoing or tail flick-related changes of rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) ON- and OFF-cell activities. Systemic administrations of 2'-Me-CCPA (2.5-5 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced the nociceptive response in the plantar and formalin tests, in a way prevented by DPCPX (3 mg/kg, i.p.), a selective A, receptor antagonist. Similarly, intra-periaqueductal grey (PAG) 2'-Me-CCPA (0.5-1-2 nmol/rat) reduced pain behaviour in the plantar and formalin tests, in a way inhibited by DPCPX (0.5 nmol/rat). Moreover, when administered systemically (2.5-5 mg/kg, i.p.) or intra-PAG (0.5-1 nmol/rat) 2'-Me-CCPA increased the tail flick latencies, delayed the tail flick-related onset of the ON-cell burst and decreased the duration of the OFF-cell pause in a dose dependent manner. Furthermore, it decreased RVM ON-cell and increased OFF-cell ongoing activities. The in vivo electrophysiological effects were all prevented by DPCPX (0.5 nmol/rat). This study confirms the role of adenosine A, receptors in modulating pain and suggests a critical involvement of these receptors within PAG-RVM descending pathway for the processing of pain.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|
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