2-tert-Butylimino-2-diethylamino-1,3-dimethylperhydro- 1,3,2-diazaphosphorine supported on polystyrene (PS-BEMP) is an efficient catalyst for the addition of nitroalkanes (1–1.5 equiv.) to a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compounds (1.0 equiv.) in the absence of a reaction medium (solvent-free conditions). The corresponding g-nitro carbonyl compounds have been isolated in excellent yields but the catalyst can be satisfactorily recovered and used for only 3 times due to the magnetic stirring which caused crunching of the catalyst beads thus hampering its complete recovery. To optimize the catalystDs reuse and improve the environmental efficacy of solvent-free conditions, the first solvent-free cyclic continuous-flow reactor has been set up. This reactor has allowed the product to be isolated in an almost quantitative yield by using a very small amount of organic solvent, making the recovery and reuse of the catalyst efficient and reproducible.
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|Titolo:||Polystyryl-BEMP as an efficient recyclable catalyst for the nucleophilic addition of nitroalkanes to alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds under solvent-free conditions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|