Ethyl 3-nitro-2-alkenoates can be generated starting from nitroalkanes and ethyl 2-oxoacetate under heterogeneous conditions that minimize work-up procedures, avoid any purification step and direct manipulation of the nitroalkene system. Reaction of ethyl 3-nitro-2-alkenoates, formed in situ from their acetoxy precursors, with indoles in the presence of basic alumina affords ethyl 2-(3-indolyl)-3-nitro-alkanoates that are central intermediates for the preparation of tryptamines and carboline alkaloids. A base promoted elimination of nitrous acid from these nitroindolyl derivatives readily produces ethyl 2-(3-indolyl)-2-alkenoates with high E stereoselectivity. The latter compounds can be used as Michael acceptors in intra- and intermolecular reactions with nucleophilic reagents.

Improved preparation of alkyl 2-(3-indolyl)-3-nitroalkanoates under fully heterogeneous conditions: stereoselective synthesis of alkyl (E)-2-(3-indolyl)-2-alkenoates

BALLINI, Roberto;GABRIELLI, Serena;PALMIERI, Alessandro;PETRINI, Marino
2008

Abstract

Ethyl 3-nitro-2-alkenoates can be generated starting from nitroalkanes and ethyl 2-oxoacetate under heterogeneous conditions that minimize work-up procedures, avoid any purification step and direct manipulation of the nitroalkene system. Reaction of ethyl 3-nitro-2-alkenoates, formed in situ from their acetoxy precursors, with indoles in the presence of basic alumina affords ethyl 2-(3-indolyl)-3-nitro-alkanoates that are central intermediates for the preparation of tryptamines and carboline alkaloids. A base promoted elimination of nitrous acid from these nitroindolyl derivatives readily produces ethyl 2-(3-indolyl)-2-alkenoates with high E stereoselectivity. The latter compounds can be used as Michael acceptors in intra- and intermolecular reactions with nucleophilic reagents.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/112149
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