Meat has exerted a crucial role in human evolution and is an important component of a healthy and well balanced diet due to its nutritional richness. The aim of the present chapter is to shed light on the nutritional composition of donkey meat and the implications for human health. Donkeys are not perceived as multi-use animals. Cattle, buffaloes and camels are usually kept for their milk and their meat as well as for work. In many areas donkeys are not sold for their meat. One of many exceptions is Lesotho where donkeys are culled for meat when they are considered too old to work, and for this reason donkeys are relatively expensive in this Country. In the rest of the world, the lower cost of donkeys makes them more affordable to small farmers. On the other hand, donkey meat can be considered a good alternative in red meat consumption, being a dietary meat. Donkey meat is in fact characterized by low fat, low cholesterol content, a favourable fatty acid profile and is rich in iron. Today consumers are health conscious and demand high quality food products; they require leaner meat, with less fat (the minimal fat level required to maintain juiciness and flavour) and a consistent quality. Ultimately, the success of any food product is determined by the consumer’s acceptance. Meat quality and acceptability is determined by its physico-chemical characteristics, although consumer preferences for meat are difficult to define. In this context, this chapter will describe the quality of donkey carcass and donkey meat quality parameters, showing its chemical and sensorial characteristics (when possible in different muscles) and evaluating the effects of the age of slaughtering.
|Titolo:||QUALITY AND NUTRITIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF DONKEY MEAT|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Contributo in volume (capitolo o saggio)|