This work introduces a general multi-level model for self-adaptive systems. A self-adaptive system is seen as composed by two levels: the lower level describing the actual behaviour of the system and the upper level accounting for the dynamically changing environmental constraints on the system. In order to keep our description as general as possible, the lower level is modelled as a state machine and the upper level as a second-order state machine whose states have associated formulas over observable variables of the lower level. Thus, each state of the second-order machine identifies the set of lower-level states satisfying the constraints. Adaptation is triggered when a second-order transition is performed; this means that the current system no longer can satisfy the current high-level constraints and, thus, it has to adapt its behaviour by reaching a state that meets the new constraints. The semantics of the multi-level system is given by a flattened transition system that can be statically checked in order to prove the correctness of the adaptation model. To this aim we formalize two concepts of weak and strong adaptability providing both a relational and a logical characterization. We report that this work gives a formal computational characterization of multi-level self-adaptive systems, evidencing the important role that (theoretical) computer science could play in the emerging science of complex systems.

Multiple Levels in Self-adaptive Complex Systems: A State-Based Approach

TESEI, Luca;MERELLI, Emanuela;PAOLETTI, Nicola
2013

Abstract

This work introduces a general multi-level model for self-adaptive systems. A self-adaptive system is seen as composed by two levels: the lower level describing the actual behaviour of the system and the upper level accounting for the dynamically changing environmental constraints on the system. In order to keep our description as general as possible, the lower level is modelled as a state machine and the upper level as a second-order state machine whose states have associated formulas over observable variables of the lower level. Thus, each state of the second-order machine identifies the set of lower-level states satisfying the constraints. Adaptation is triggered when a second-order transition is performed; this means that the current system no longer can satisfy the current high-level constraints and, thus, it has to adapt its behaviour by reaching a state that meets the new constraints. The semantics of the multi-level system is given by a flattened transition system that can be statically checked in order to prove the correctness of the adaptation model. To this aim we formalize two concepts of weak and strong adaptability providing both a relational and a logical characterization. We report that this work gives a formal computational characterization of multi-level self-adaptive systems, evidencing the important role that (theoretical) computer science could play in the emerging science of complex systems.
9783319003948
9783319003955
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11581/316584
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact