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|Titolo:||Effect of acetylcholine precursors on proliferation and differentiation of astroglial cells in primary cultures|
|Autori interni:||TOMASSONI, Daniele|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Abstract:||Effects of acetylcholine and of the cholinergic precursors choline, cytidine 5'-diphosphocholine (CDP-choline) and alpha-glyceryl-phosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC) on transglutaminase (TG) and cyclin D1 expression were studied in primary astrocyte cultures by confocal laser microscopy (CLSM) with monodansyl-cadaverine uptake as a marker of enzyme activity and by immunochemistry (Western blotting). CLSM analysis showed an increased cytofluorescence in 0.1 microM choline-treated astrocytes. Treatment with CDP-choline dose-dependently increased TG. A total of 1 microM CDP-choline exposure in 14 days in vitro (DIV) astrocyte cultures increased cytofluorescence. A total of 1 microM alpha-GPC 24 h-treated cultures revealed increased cytofluorescence both in cytosol and nuclei. Western blot analysis showed an increased TG expression in cultures exposed for 24 h to 1 microM choline or alpha-GPC, whereas in 24 h 1 microM CDP-choline and acetylcholine-treated astrocytes TG expression was unaffected. Treatment with 1 microM acetylcholine reduced TG expression at 21 DIV. In cultures at 14 and 35 DIV cholinergic precursor treatment for 24 h induced a marked down-regulation of cyclin D1 expression, with reduced cyclin D1 expression in 1 microM alpha-GPC treated astrocytes. Our data suggest a role of cholinergic precursors investigated independent from acetylcholine on maturation and differentiation of astroglial cells in vitro, rather than on their growth, proliferation and development in culture.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo|
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